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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2014 Sep 1;245(5):513-24. doi: 10.2460/javma.245.5.513.

The role of veterinary team effectiveness in job satisfaction and burnout in companion animal veterinary clinics.

Author information

1
Ridgetown Campus, University of Guelph, Ridgetown, ON N0P 2C0, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the role of veterinary team effectiveness regarding job satisfaction and burnout in companion animal veterinary practice.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional observational study.

SAMPLE:

48 companion animal veterinary health-care teams.

PROCEDURES:

274 team members participated in an online survey. Overall job satisfaction was evaluated with a 1-item measure, and the 3 dimensions of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) were measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. Team effectiveness was assessed with a survey developed for this study. Demographic and team effectiveness factors (coordinated team environment, toxic team environment, team engagement, and individual engagement) associated with job satisfaction and burnout were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Overall mean job satisfaction score was 5.46 of 7 (median, 6.00); veterinary technicians and kennel attendants had the lowest scores. According to the Maslach survey results, 22.4% of participants were in the high-risk category for exhaustion, 23.2% were in the high-risk category for cynicism, and 9.3% were in the high-risk category for professional efficacy. A coordinated team environment was associated with increased professional efficacy and decreased cynicism. A toxic team environment was negatively associated with job satisfaction and positively associated with exhaustion and cynicism. Individual engagement was positively associated with job satisfaction and professional efficacy and negatively associated with exhaustion and cynicism.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Results suggested the effectiveness of a veterinary team can significantly influence individual team members' job satisfaction and burnout. Practices should pay specific attention to the effectiveness with which their veterinary team operates.

PMID:
25148093
DOI:
10.2460/javma.245.5.513
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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