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Front Neuroeng. 2014 Aug 7;7:29. doi: 10.3389/fneng.2014.00029. eCollection 2014.

Neurorehabilitation of social dysfunctions: a model-based neurofeedback approach for low and high-functioning autism.

Author information

1
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is an increasingly prevalent condition with core deficits in the social domain. Understanding its neuroetiology is critical to providing insights into the relationship between neuroanatomy, physiology and social behaviors, including imitation learning, language, empathy, theory of mind, and even self-awareness. Equally important is the need to find ways to arrest its increasing prevalence and to ameliorate its symptoms. In this review, we highlight neurofeedback studies as viable treatment options for high-functioning as well as low-functioning children with ASD. Lower-functioning groups have the greatest need for diagnosis and treatment, the greatest barrier to communication, and may experience the greatest benefit if a treatment can improve function or prevent progression of the disorder at an early stage. Therefore, we focus on neurofeedback interventions combined with other kinds of behavioral conditioning to induce neuroplastic changes that can address the full spectrum of the autism phenotype.

KEYWORDS:

autism; autism spectrum disorders; classical conditioning; intervention studies; low functioning autism; neurofeedback training

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