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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2014 Oct 15;161(3-4):132-40. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2014.07.006. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

Comparison of cancer stem cell antigen expression by tumor cell lines and by tumor biopsies from dogs with melanoma and osteosarcoma.

Author information

1
Animal Cancer Center, Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523, United States.
2
Animal Cancer Center, Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523, United States. Electronic address: sdow@colostate.edu.

Abstract

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) represent a small subpopulation of tumor cells that play a critical role in initiating and sustaining tumor growth. However, we currently have an incomplete understanding of the expression patterns of CSC antigens in tumors of dogs, nor do we understand how expression of these antigens vary between tumor cell lines and tumor biopsy specimens. Therefore, we used flow cytometry and commonly reported CSC surface and intracellular markers to evaluate the phenotype and overall frequency of CSC subpopulations in tumor cell lines and primary tumor biopsy samples from dogs with melanoma and osteosarcoma. We found that cells expressing common CSC antigens were rare in tumor cell lines, with the exception of tumor cells expressing CD44 and CD90. In contrast, tumor cells expressing conventional CSC antigens such as CD133, CD34, CD44, CD24 and Oct3/4 were much more common in tumor biopsy samples. Notably, the frequency and types of putative CSC subpopulations were very similar in biopsy samples from dogs with either melanoma or osteosarcoma. Our results suggest that the tumor microenvironment significantly influences CSC subpopulations within tumors and that tumor cell lines may not accurately reflect the actual frequency or types of CSC subpopulations present in tumor tissues in vivo.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; Flow cytometry; Melanoma; Osteosarcoma; Stem cells

PMID:
25146881
PMCID:
PMC4264625
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetimm.2014.07.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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