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J Vis Exp. 2014 Aug 5;(90):e51566. doi: 10.3791/51566.

Ultrasound-guided transthoracic intramyocardial injection in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital.
2
Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital; Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard University; wpu@pulab.org.

Abstract

Murine models of cardiovascular disease are important for investigating pathophysiological mechanisms and exploring potential regenerative therapies. Experiments involving myocardial injection are currently performed by direct surgical access through a thoracotomy. While convenient when performed at the time of another experimental manipulation such as coronary artery ligation, the need for an invasive procedure for intramyocardial delivery limits potential experimental designs. With ever improving ultrasound resolution and advanced noninvasive imaging modalities, it is now feasible to routinely perform ultrasound-guided, percutaneous intramyocardial injection. This modality efficiently and reliably delivers agents to a targeted region of myocardium. Advantages of this technique include the avoidance of surgical morbidity, the facility to target regions of myocardium selectively under ultrasound guidance, and the opportunity to deliver injectate to the myocardium at multiple, predetermined time intervals. With practiced technique, complications from intramyocardial injection are rare, and mice quickly return to normal activity on recovery from anesthetic. Following the steps outlined in this protocol, the operator with basic echocardiography experience can quickly become competent in this versatile, minimally invasive technique.

PMID:
25146757
PMCID:
PMC4267063
DOI:
10.3791/51566
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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