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Biochem J. 2014 Nov 15;464(1):35-48. doi: 10.1042/BJ20140530.

MondoA deficiency enhances sprint performance in mice.

Author information

1
‡Richard Roudebush VA Medical Center, 1481 West Tenth Street, Indianapolis, IN 46202, U.S.A.
2
§Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, U.S.A.

Abstract

MondoA is a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH)/leucine zipper (ZIP) transcription factor that is expressed predominantly in skeletal muscle. Studies in vitro suggest that the Max-like protein X (MondoA:Mlx) heterodimer senses the intracellular energy status and directly targets the promoter region of thioredoxin interacting protein (Txnip) and possibly glycolytic enzymes. We generated MondoA-inactivated (MondoA-/-) mice by gene targeting. MondoA-/- mice had normal body weight at birth, exhibited normal growth and appeared to be healthy. However, they exhibited unique metabolic characteristics. MondoA-/- mice built up serum lactate and alanine levels and utilized fatty acids for fuel during exercise. Gene expression and promoter analysis suggested that MondoA functionally represses peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator-1α (PGC-1α)-mediated activation of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK-4) transcription. PDK4 normally down-regulates the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase, an enzyme complex that catalyses the decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA for entry into the Krebs cycle; in the absence of MondoA, pyruvate is diverted towards lactate and alanine, both products of glycolysis. Dynamic testing revealed that MondoA-/- mice excel in sprinting as their skeletal muscles display an enhanced glycolytic capacity. Our studies uncover a hitherto unappreciated function of MondoA in fuel selection in vivo. Lack of MondoA results in enhanced exercise capacity with sprinting.

PMID:
25145386
PMCID:
PMC4410994
DOI:
10.1042/BJ20140530
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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