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Nature. 2014 Aug 21;512(7514):310-3. doi: 10.1038/nature13667.

A microbial ecosystem beneath the West Antarctic ice sheet.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA.
2
Department of Land Resources and Environmental Science, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA.
3
Institute for the Dynamics of Environmental Processes - CNR, Venice, and Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca'Foscari University of Venice, Venice 30123, Italy.
4
Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.
5
1] Physics Department, St Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota 55057, USA [2] Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012, USA (K.C.).
6
Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA.
7
Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth SY23 3DB, UK.
8
Department of Earth Science, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA.

Erratum in

  • Nature. 2014 Oct 16;514(7522):394. Horgan, H [added].

Abstract

Liquid water has been known to occur beneath the Antarctic ice sheet for more than 40 years, but only recently have these subglacial aqueous environments been recognized as microbial ecosystems that may influence biogeochemical transformations on a global scale. Here we present the first geomicrobiological description of water and surficial sediments obtained from direct sampling of a subglacial Antarctic lake. Subglacial Lake Whillans (SLW) lies beneath approximately 800 m of ice on the lower portion of the Whillans Ice Stream (WIS) in West Antarctica and is part of an extensive and evolving subglacial drainage network. The water column of SLW contained metabolically active microorganisms and was derived primarily from glacial ice melt with solute sources from lithogenic weathering and a minor seawater component. Heterotrophic and autotrophic production data together with small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequencing and biogeochemical data indicate that SLW is a chemosynthetically driven ecosystem inhabited by a diverse assemblage of bacteria and archaea. Our results confirm that aquatic environments beneath the Antarctic ice sheet support viable microbial ecosystems, corroborating previous reports suggesting that they contain globally relevant pools of carbon and microbes that can mobilize elements from the lithosphere and influence Southern Ocean geochemical and biological systems.

PMID:
25143114
DOI:
10.1038/nature13667
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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