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Pediatr Int. 2015 Apr;57(2):222-6. doi: 10.1111/ped.12474. Epub 2014 Nov 10.

Effectiveness of tongue-tie division for speech disorder in children.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, International University of Health and Welfare Atami Hospital, Atami, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of tongue-tie division (frenuloplasty/ frenulotomy) for speech articulation disorder in children with ankyloglossia (tongue-tie).

METHODS:

Articulation test was done in five children (3-8 years old) with speech problems who underwent tongue-tie division. The test consisted of 50 pictures of common Japanese words with 2-3 syllables. The patients were interviewed by a speech therapist and asked to pronounce what the picture card showed. Misarticulations of substitution, omission, and distortion were assessed. The preoperative results were compared with postoperative examinations at 1 month, 3-4 months, and 1-2 years.

RESULTS:

Nineteen substitutions that were observed in four patients preoperatively decreased to 10 in three patients at 1 month, 7 in three patients at 3-4 months, and 1 in one patient at 1-2 years postoperatively. Five omissions that were observed in four patients preoperatively decreased to 3 in three patients at 1 month, 2 in two patients at 3-4 months, and 1 in one patient at 1-2 years postoperatively. Thirteen distortions that were observed in five patients preoperatively decreased to 8 in four patients at 3-4 months but increased to 11 in three patients at 1-2 years postoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Substitution and omission improved relatively early after tongue-tie division and progressed to distortion, which is a less-impaired form of articulation disorder. Thus, distortion required more time for improvement and remained a defective speaking habit in some patients.

KEYWORDS:

ankyloglossia; articulation test; frenuloplasty; frenulotomy; tongue-tie

PMID:
25142274
DOI:
10.1111/ped.12474
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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