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Ann Behav Med. 2015 Feb;49(1):18-28. doi: 10.1007/s12160-014-9637-4.

PortionControl@HOME: results of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of a multi-component portion size intervention on portion control behavior and body mass index.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences and EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, m.p.poelman@vu.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Food portion sizes influence energy intake.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this paper is to determine effectiveness of the "PortionControl@HOME" intervention on body mass index and portion control behavior.

METHODS:

A randomized controlled trial among 278 overweight and obese participants was conducted. PortionControl@HOME aimed to increase: portion size awareness, portion control behavior, portion control cooking skills, and to create a home environment favoring portion control.

RESULTS:

Intention-to-treat multi-level regression analysis indicated statistically significant effects of the intervention on portion control behavior at 3, 6, and 12 months follow-up. The effect on body mass index was significant only at 3 months follow-up and when outliers (n = 3) were excluded (B = -0.45; 95%CI = -0.88 to -0.04). The intervention effect on body mass index was mediated by portion control behavior.

CONCLUSIONS:

The intervention improves portion control behavior, which in turn influence body mass index. Once the intervention ceased, sustained effects on body mass index were no longer evident. (Current-Controlled-Trials ISRCTN12363482).

PMID:
25142041
PMCID:
PMC4335123
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-014-9637-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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