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JAMA Surg. 2014 Oct;149(10):1031-7. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2014.351.

Improved outcomes associated with a revised quality measure for continuing perioperative β-blockade.

Author information

1
Center for Surgical, Medical Acute Care Research and Transitions, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama2Section of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham.
2
Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Boston Health Care System, Boston University and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
3
Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, Colorado5University of Colorado Health Outcomes Program and Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:

The Surgical Care Improvement Project perioperative β-blocker (BB) (SCIP-BB) continuation measure was revised in 2012 to incorporate inpatient BB continuation after discharge from the postanesthesia care unit.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether adherence to the original or revised SCIP-BB measure is associated with decreased adverse events.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

Retrospective cohort study using national Veterans Affairs patient-level data on adherence to the original SCIP-BB measure and inpatient BB continuation for operations between July 2006 and August 2009.

METHODS:

Data for SCIP-BB measure adherence, inpatient BB continuation, and patient and procedure risk variables were used to estimate the associations between adherence to the original and revised SCIP-BB measures and outcomes of major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) and their components of cardiovascular events, cerebrovascular events, and 30-day mortality. In addition to unadjusted estimates, propensity score matching and bootstrapping were used to estimate the associations and generate 95% CIs.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES:

Major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events.

RESULTS:

Of 14,420 nonemergent operations with at least 2 postoperative inpatient days, 13,170 (91.3%) adhered to the original SCIP-BB measure, and 480 (3.3%) experienced a MACCE. Propensity score-matched analyses showed that adherence to the original SCIP-BB measure was not associated with MACCEs (odds ratio [OR], 1.00; 95% CI, 0.66-1.54) but was associated with increased cerebrovascular events (OR, 3.01; 95% CI, 1.00-10.07). Adherence to the revised SCIP-BB measure occurred in 11,597 (80.4%), and in matched analysis adherence was associated with decreased MACCEs (OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.57-0.95), cardiovascular events (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.46-0.93), and 30-day mortality (OR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.53-0.98). Adherence to the revised SCIP-BB measure was not associated with increased cerebrovascular events (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 0.62-2.38).

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:

Adherence to the original SCIP-BB measure was associated with increased cerebrovascular events but not improved cardiovascular event outcomes. β-Blocker continuation consistent with the revised SCIP-BB measure is associated with reduced MACCEs, cardiovascular events, and 30-day mortality. These data provide a cautionary tale of implementing performance measures before they have been rigorously tested. Although the observed associations between adherence to the revised SCIP-BB measure and outcomes are promising, they should be evaluated in the postimplementation period.

PMID:
25141795
DOI:
10.1001/jamasurg.2014.351
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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