Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Osteoporos Int. 2015 Jan;26(1):151-61. doi: 10.1007/s00198-014-2844-9. Epub 2014 Aug 20.

Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the occurrence of musculoskeletal diseases: a 3-year follow-up to the road study.

Author information

Department of Joint Disease Research, 22nd Century Medical and Research Center, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan,


Assessment of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in association with the occurrence of musculoskeletal diseases using a population-based cohort study design revealed that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels could predict the occurrence of osteoporosis at the femoral neck within 3 years, but not the occurrence of knee osteoarthritis or lumbar spondylosis.


The aim of this study is to clarify the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D) levels and occurrence of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis in the general population.


The Research on Osteoarthritis/Osteoporosis Against Disability study, a large-scale population-based cohort study, was performed during 2005-2007. Serum 25D levels were measured in 1,683 participants. Of these, 1,384 individuals (81.9%) completed a second follow-up survey 3 years later. Osteoporosis was defined according to World Health Organization criteria, in which osteoporosis is diagnosed by T-scores of bone mineral density (BMD) that are 2.5 standard deviations (SD) less than normal BMD. Knee osteoarthritis and lumbar spondylosis were defined as Kellgren-Lawrence grade ā‰„2, using paired X-ray films. Cumulative incidences were determined according to changes in measurements using World Health Organization criteria for osteoporosis or Kellgren-Lawrence grades for osteoarthritis between the baseline and second survey.


The mean (SD) serum 25D level of the 1,384 participants in both surveys was 23.4 ng/mL (6.5). The annual cumulative incidences of osteoporosis at L2-4 and the femoral neck were 0.76 and 1.83%/year, respectively. The incidences of knee osteoarthritis and lumbar spondylosis were 3.3 and 11.4%/year, respectively. After adjusting for potential associated factors, logistic regression analyses revealed that the odds ratio for the occurrence of femoral neck osteoporosis significantly decreased as serum 25D levels increased (+1 SD; odds ratio 0.67; 95% confidence interval 0.49-0.92; pā€‰=ā€‰0.014).


Higher serum 25D levels may prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis at the femoral neck, but not knee osteoarthritis, lumbar spondylosis, or osteoporosis at L2-4.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center