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Nutr Hosp. 2014 Jul 1;30(1):200-4. doi: 10.3305/nh.2014.30.1.7510.

There is chronic latent magnesium deficiency in apparently healthy university students.

Author information

1
Post Graduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Natal. RN. Brazil.. chscris@yahoo.com.br.
2
Faculty of Health Sciences at Trairi. Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Santa Cruz. RN. Brazil.. dan_anjo@yahoo.com.br.
3
Department of Dentistry. Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Natal. RN. Brazil.. annacecilia@facisa.ufrn.br.
4
Department of Nutrition. Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Natal. RN. Brazil.. limke@dod.ufrn.br.
5
Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. University of São Paulo. São Paulo. SP. Brazil.. lpedrosa@ufrnet.br.
6
Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. University of São Paulo. São Paulo. SP. Brazil.. cecolli@usp.br.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

INTRODUCTION:

Magnesium is an essential micronutrient for human body, and its deficiency has been associated with risk of non-communicable diseases.

OBJECTIVE:

Assessment of magnesium status, and evaluation of the frequency of magnesium deficiency in a group of healthy adults.

METHODS:

Plasma and erythrocyte magnesium levels, and magnesium intake were determined in 115 students (55 women and 60 men), from a public university in Brazil.

RESULTS:

The medians of magnesium concentration in plasma (0.76 mmol/L), erythrocyte (1.97 mmol/L), and of dietary daily intake (8.84 mmol/d) were low. Forty two percent of participants had plasma or erythrocyte magnesium below the limit of 0.75 and 1.65 mmol/L, respectively. A high percentage showed high probability of inadequate magnesium intake.

CONCLUSIONS:

There was a high frequency of subclinical magnesium deficiency in the adults assessed, that could be related to low dietary magnesium intake.

PMID:
25137281
DOI:
10.3305/nh.2014.30.1.7510
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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