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PLoS Biol. 2014 Aug 19;12(8):e1001933. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001933. eCollection 2014 Aug.

The cytoplasmic capping complex assembles on adapter protein nck1 bound to the proline-rich C-terminus of Mammalian capping enzyme.

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Center for RNA Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America; Department of Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America.


Cytoplasmic capping is catalyzed by a complex that contains capping enzyme (CE) and a kinase that converts RNA with a 5'-monophosphate end to a 5' diphosphate for subsequent addition of guanylic acid (GMP). We identify the proline-rich C-terminus as a new domain of CE that is required for its participation in cytoplasmic capping, and show the cytoplasmic capping complex assembles on Nck1, an adapter protein with functions in translation and tyrosine kinase signaling. Binding is specific to Nck1 and is independent of RNA. We show by sedimentation and gel filtration that Nck1 and CE are together in a larger complex, that the complex can assemble in vitro on recombinant Nck1, and Nck1 knockdown disrupts the integrity of the complex. CE and the 5' kinase are juxtaposed by binding to the adjacent domains of Nck1, and cap homeostasis is inhibited by Nck1 with inactivating mutations in each of these domains. These results identify a new domain of CE that is specific to its function in cytoplasmic capping, and a new role for Nck1 in regulating gene expression through its role as the scaffold for assembly of the cytoplasmic capping complex.

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