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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2014 Sep;40(9):1439-45. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2014.01.040.

Long-term results of combined transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy and corneal collagen crosslinking for keratoconus: Cretan protocol.

Author information

1
From the Vardinoyiannion Eye Institute of Crete (Kymionis, Grentzelos, Kankariya, Liakopoulos, Karavitaki, Portaliou, Tsoulnaras, Pallikaris), Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece and the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute (Kymionis, Portaliou), Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA. Electronic address: kymionis@med.uoc.gr.
2
From the Vardinoyiannion Eye Institute of Crete (Kymionis, Grentzelos, Kankariya, Liakopoulos, Karavitaki, Portaliou, Tsoulnaras, Pallikaris), Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece and the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute (Kymionis, Portaliou), Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To present the long-term results of combined transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) and corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for keratoconus.

SETTING:

Vardinoyiannion Eye Institute of Crete, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

METHODS:

Patients with progressive keratoconus had combined transepithelial PTK and CXL (Cretan protocol). Visual and refractive outcomes and the endothelial cell density (ECD) were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively.

RESULTS:

Twenty patients (23 eyes) were enrolled; postoperatively 23 eyes were evaluated at 1 and 2 years, 11 at 3 years, and 7 at 4 years. The mean follow-up was 33.83 months±10.82 (SD) (range 24 to 56 months). No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. The mean uncorrected distance visual acuity improved significantly from 0.99±0.57 logMAR preoperatively to 0.61±0.36 logMAR at the last follow-up (P<.001) and the mean corrected distance visual acuity, from 0.27±0.24 logMAR to 0.17±0.14 logMAR (P=.018), respectively. The mean steep and mean flat keratometry readings decreased significantly from 53.39±7.14 diopters (D) and 47.17±4.87 D, respectively, preoperatively to 49.99±4.36 D (P<.001) and 45.47±2.95 D (P=.002), respectively, at the last follow-up. The mean corneal astigmatism improved significantly from -6.27±4.19 D preoperatively to -4.52±2.80 D (P<.001) at the last follow-up. No significant ECD alterations occurred (P>.05).

CONCLUSION:

Combined transepithelial PTK and CXL was effective and safe in keratoconic patients over a long-term follow-up.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE:

No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

PMID:
25135535
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrs.2014.01.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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