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Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2014 Oct;11(10):585-96. doi: 10.1038/nrclinonc.2014.137. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

Precision therapy for lymphoma--current state and future directions.

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1
Lymphoma Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, Box 330, New York, NY 10065, USA.

Abstract

Modern advances in genomics and cancer biology have produced an unprecedented body of knowledge regarding the molecular pathogenesis of lymphoma. The diverse histological subtypes of lymphoma are molecularly heterogeneous, and most likely arise from distinct oncogenic mechanisms. In parallel to these advances in lymphoma biology, several new classes of molecularly targeted agents have been developed with varying degrees of efficacy across the different types of lymphoma. In general, the development of new drugs for treating lymphoma has been mostly empiric, with a limited knowledge of the molecular target, its involvement in the disease, and the effect of the drug on the target. Thus, the variability observed in clinical responses likely results from underlying molecular heterogeneity. In the era of personalized medicine, the challenge for the treatment of patients with lymphoma will involve correctly matching a molecularly targeted therapy to the unique genetic and molecular composition of each individual lymphoma. In this Review, we discuss current and emerging biomarkers that can guide treatment decisions for patients with lymphoma, and explore the potential challenges and strategies for making biomarker-driven personalized medicine a reality in the cure and management of this disease.

PMID:
25135367
DOI:
10.1038/nrclinonc.2014.137
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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