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Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 19;4:6114. doi: 10.1038/srep06114.

An electrically switchable metal-organic framework.

Author information

1
Energy and Environment Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.
2
Fundamental &Computational Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.
3
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.

Abstract

Crystalline metal organic framework (MOF) materials containing interconnected porosity can be chemically modified to promote stimulus-driven (light, magnetic or electric fields) structural transformations that can be used in a number of devices. Innovative research strategies are now focused on understanding the role of chemical bond manipulation to reversibly alter the free volume in such structures of critical importance for electro-catalysis, molecular electronics, energy storage technologies, sensor devices and smart membranes. In this letter, we study the mechanism for which an electrically switchable MOF composed of Cu(TCNQ) (TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane) transitions from a high-resistance state to a conducting state in a reversible fashion by an applied potential. The actual mechanism for this reversible electrical switching is still not understood even though a number of reports are available describing the application of electric-field-induced switching of Cu(TCNQ) in device fabrication.

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