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Med Clin North Am. 2014 Sep;98(5):1169-91. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2014.06.011.

Primary care for adults on the autism spectrum.

Author information

1
Regional Research Institute, School of Social Work, Portland State University, 1600 SW 4th Avenue, Suite 900, Portland, OR 97201, USA; Departments of Medicine and Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University; Academic Autism Spectrum Partnership in Research and Education, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, L475, Portland, OR 97239, USA; Academic Autism Spectrum Partnership in Research and Education, 1600 SW 4th Avenue, Suite 900, Portland, OR 97201, USA. Electronic address: nicol22@pdx.edu.
2
Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, MU3E, Box 0900, San Francisco, CA 94143-0900, USA.
3
Regional Research Institute, School of Social Work, Portland State University, 1600 SW 4th Avenue, Suite 900, Portland, OR 97201, USA; Academic Autism Spectrum Partnership in Research and Education, 1600 SW 4th Avenue, Suite 900, Portland, OR 97201, USA.

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by differences in social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. Skills and challenges can change depending on environmental stimuli, supports, and stressors. Quality of life can be improved by the use of accommodations, assistive technologies, therapies to improve adaptive function or communication, caregiver training, acceptance, access, and inclusion. This article focuses on the identification of ASD in adults, referrals for services, the recognition of associated conditions, strategies and accommodations to facilitate effective primary care services, and ethical issues related to caring for autistic adults.

KEYWORDS:

Adults; Autism spectrum disorders; Developmental disabilities; Primary care

PMID:
25134878
PMCID:
PMC4851469
DOI:
10.1016/j.mcna.2014.06.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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