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Cell Biochem Biophys. 2015 Jan;71(1):179-87. doi: 10.1007/s12013-014-0182-3.

Emergency transcatheter arterial embolization for massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculosis sequelae.

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1
Department of Interventional Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, 150086, China.

Abstract

To explore the strategy and curative effect of emergency transcatheter arterial embolization (ETAE) in patients with massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculosis sequelae. A total of 148 patients with massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis underwent emergency arteriography. After the bleeding artery was located, patients were given embolotherapy using gelfoam strips, coils, and polyvinyl alcohol particles. The arteriography manifestations and therapeutic outcomes in all patients were retrospectively analyzed. ETAE was performed successfully in 143 patients after location of the bleeding arteries. The bleeding arteries could not be located in another five patients, and embolotherapy, therefore, could not be performed. Among these five patients, three underwent surgical resection and two died of complications of tuberculosis/fungal ball coinfection. During a 2-year follow-up period, there were 15 cases of recurrent hemoptysis after initial embolotherapy. Among these, four cases were resolved by re-embolization, 11 patients still had massive hemoptysis after re-embolization who underwent surgical resection and resolved the hemoptysis eventually. Successful hemostasis was achieved by ETAE in 132 patients (89.19%; 132/148). No severe complications occurred after embolotherapy. ETAE is a safe and effective treatment for massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis. The key to successful treatment is thorough and complete embolization of the bleeding arteries. In the event of failure of embolotherapy, surgical resection should be used to resolve the bleeding.

PMID:
25134662
DOI:
10.1007/s12013-014-0182-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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