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Aging Ment Health. 2015;19(6):485-92. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2014.948806. Epub 2014 Aug 18.

Effects of a six-month walking intervention on depression in inactive post-menopausal women: a randomized controlled trial.

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1
a Laboratory EA4556 Epsylon , Montpellier 1 University , Montpellier , France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Physical inactivity and advanced age are associated with risk of depressive disorders. Physical activity can reduce depressive symptoms in older subjects with depressive disorders. We investigated whether a walking intervention program may decrease the occurrence of depressive symptoms in inactive post-menopausal women without depression.

METHOD:

A total of 121 participants aged 57-75 years were randomly assigned to a six-month moderate intensity walking intervention (three times a week, 40 minutes per session, supervised and home-based) or to a control group (waiting list). Inactivity was assessed using the Physical Activity Questionnaire for the Elderly. Depression levels were measured pre- and post-intervention with the Beck depression inventory (BDI). Several baseline measures were considered as possible predictors of post-intervention BDI score.

RESULTS:

Participants in the walking intervention showed a significant decrease in depression as compared with controls. Baseline cognitive-BDI subscore, subjective health status, body mass index and adherence were post-intervention BDI score predictors.

CONCLUSION:

A six-month, three-session per week, moderate intensity walking intervention with a minimal 50% adherence rate reduces depression in post-menopausal women at risk for depression due to physical inactivity. This type of walking intervention could be considered as a widely accessible prevention strategy to prevent depressive symptoms in post-menopausal women at risk of depression.

KEYWORDS:

depressive disorders; exercise; physical activity; post-menopausal women; predictors; walking

PMID:
25133492
DOI:
10.1080/13607863.2014.948806
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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