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Behav Brain Res. 2014 Nov 1;274:176-85. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.08.017. Epub 2014 Aug 15.

Daytime light exposure: effects on biomarkers, measures of alertness, and performance.

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Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 21 Union Street, Troy, NY 12180, USA.
Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 21 Union Street, Troy, NY 12180, USA. Electronic address:


Light can elicit an alerting response in humans, independent from acute melatonin suppression. Recent studies have shown that red light significantly increases daytime and nighttime alertness. The main goal of the present study was to further investigate the effects of daytime light exposure on performance, biomarkers and measures of alertness. It was hypothesized that, compared to remaining in dim light, daytime exposure to narrowband long-wavelength (red) light or polychromatic (2568K) light would induce greater alertness and shorter response times. Thirteen subjects experienced three lighting conditions: dim light (<5lux), red light (╬╗max=631nm, 213lux, 1.1W/m(2)), and white light (2568K, 361lux, 1.1W/m(2)). The presentation order of the lighting conditions was counterbalanced across the participants and each participant saw a different lighting condition each week. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, that red light can increase short-term performance as shown by the significant (p<0.05) reduced response time and higher throughput in performance tests during the daytime. There was a significant decrease (p<0.05) in alpha power and alpha-theta power after exposure to the white light, but this alerting effect did not translate to better performance. Alpha power was significantly reduced after red light exposure in the middle of the afternoon. There was no significant effect of light on cortisol and alpha amylase. The present results suggest that red light can be used to increase daytime performance.


Alertness; Daytime performance; EEG; Light; Red light; Sleepiness

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