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Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 18;4:6094. doi: 10.1038/srep06094.

A protective role of murine langerin⁺ cells in immune responses to cutaneous vaccination with microneedle patches.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Emory Vaccine Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322.
School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, 30332.
1] Department of Veterans Affairs, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia 30033 [2] Department of Dermatology, Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.


Cutaneous vaccination with microneedle patches offers several advantages over more frequently used approaches for vaccine delivery, including improved protective immunity. However, the involvement of specific APC subsets and their contribution to the induction of immunity following cutaneous vaccine delivery is not well understood. A better understanding of the functions of individual APC subsets in the skin will allow us to target specific skin cell populations in order to further enhance vaccine efficacy. Here we use a Langerin-EGFP-DTR knock-in mouse model to determine the contribution of langerin(+) subsets of skin APCs in the induction of adaptive immune responses following cutaneous microneedle delivery of influenza vaccine. Depletion of langerin(+) cells prior to vaccination resulted in substantial impairment of both Th1 and Th2 responses, and decreased post-challenge survival rates, in mice vaccinated cutaneously but not in those vaccinated via the intramuscular route or in non-depleted control mice. Our results indicate that langerin(+) cells contribute significantly to the induction of protective immune responses following cutaneous vaccination with a subunit influenza vaccine.

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