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Int J Med Microbiol. 2014 Oct;304(7):902-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2014.07.009. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

Implementation and monitoring of oral rabies vaccination of foxes in Kosovo between 2010 and 2013--an international and intersectorial effort.

Author information

1
Rabies Department, Kimron Veterinary Institute, 20250 Bet Dagan, Israel.
2
Kosovo Veterinary Laboratory, Industrial Zone, 10 000 Pristina, Kosovo.
3
Institute of Molecular Virology and Cell Biology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17943 Greifswald-Isle of Riems, Germany.
4
Wildlife Zoonoses and Vector-borne Diseases Research Group, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, UK; Department of Clinical Infection, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, Merseyside, L69 7BE, UK.
5
Food and Veterinary Agency, Industrial Zone, 10 000 Pristina, Kosovo.
6
Wildlife Zoonoses and Vector-borne Diseases Research Group, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, UK; School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, University of Surrey Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7TE, UK.
7
Wildlife Zoonoses and Vector-borne Diseases Research Group, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, UK.
8
Control and/or Eradication of Animal Diseases, EuropeAid/132620/C/SER/XK, Pan Livestock Services Ltd, Industrial Zone, 10 000 Pristina, Kosovo.
9
Control and/or Eradication of Animal Diseases, EuropeAid/132620/C/SER/XK, Pan Livestock Services Ltd, Industrial Zone, 10 000 Pristina, Kosovo; Support for the control and eradication of animal diseases, IPA Multibeneficiary Project Western Balkans, EuropeAid/129988/C/SER/MULTI, Opera S.c.a.r.l., 00197 Rome, Italy.
10
Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics Research Unit (VEERU) & PAN Livestock Services Ltd., University of Reading, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, Reading RG6 6AR, UK.
11
Institute of Molecular Virology and Cell Biology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17943 Greifswald-Isle of Riems, Germany. Electronic address: thomas.mueller@fli.bund.de.

Abstract

The European Union has used instrument for pre-accession (IPA) funds to provide technical assistance and supplies for the eradication, monitoring and control of rabies in several pre-accession countries. As a result, since 2010, multi-annual oral rabies vaccination (ORV) programmes for eliminating fox rabies have been launched in six Western Balkan countries. Here the implementation of the ORV programme in Kosovo, the smallest of the West Balkan countries, is described. Associated challenges under difficult political conditions, potential biases, and the results of rabies surveillance and monitoring of ORV campaigns (bait uptake and immunisation rates) since 2010 are reported.

KEYWORDS:

Fox; Kosovo; Oral rabies vaccination; Rabies; Rabies control; Western Balkans

PMID:
25128371
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijmm.2014.07.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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