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Res Vet Sci. 1989 Nov;47(3):350-4.

Effects of misoprostol and omeprazole on basal gastric pH and free acid content in horses.

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  • 1Department of Physiological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, 74078.

Abstract

The basal gastric pH and free acid contents from five young adult healthy horses were determined at one hour intervals for eight hours. The basal gastric pH and free acid contents varied from 1.63 +/- 0.06 to 1.97 +/- 0.11 and 26.42 +/- 4.14 to 17.92 +/- 5.28 mmol litre-1, respectively. Misoprostol, a methylester analogue of prostaglandin (5 micrograms kg-1, orally) produced a time-dependent increase in the basal gastric pH to above 3.5 (P less than 0.05) at three, four and five hours after administration with a concomitant reduction of 80 to 90 per cent in the basal gastric free acid contents throughout the eight hour period monitored. Omeprazole, a benzimidazole derivative (0.5 mg kg-1, intravenously) increased the basal gastric pH to above 3.5 at two and three hours after administration with a concomitant reduction of 65 to 90 per cent in the basal gastric free acid contents for seven of the eight hour periods monitored. These results confirm that the horse is a basal acid secretor, and both misoprostol and omeprazole are effective inhibitors of the basal gastric acid secretion, thus establishing that both prostaglandins and H+/K+-ATPase play an important role in controlling parietal cell function of the equine gastric mucosa.

PMID:
2512598
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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