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Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Sep 15;180(6):590-8. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwu169. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

Cross-sectional comparison of coronary artery calcium scores between Caucasian men in the United States and Japanese men in Japan: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis and the Shiga epidemiological study of subclinical atherosclerosis.

Abstract

The incidence of coronary heart disease in the United States has declined, and prevalences of several coronary disease risk factors have become comparable to those in Japan. Therefore, the burden of coronary atherosclerosis may be closer among younger persons in the 2 countries. We aimed to compare prevalences of coronary atherosclerosis, measured with coronary artery calcium scores, between men in the 2 countries by age group (45-54, 55-64, or 65-74 years). We used community-based samples of Caucasian men in the United States (2000-2002; n = 1,067) and Japanese men in Japan (2006-2008; n = 832) aged 45-74 years, stratifying them into groups with 0, 1, 2, or ≥3 of the following risk factors: current smoking, overweight, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. We calculated adjusted odds ratios of US Caucasian men's having Agatston scores of ≥10, ≥100, and ≥400 with reference to Japanese men. Overall, the odds of Caucasian men having each Agatston cutoff point were greater. The ethnic difference, however, became smaller in younger age groups. For example, adjusted odds ratios for Caucasian men's having an Agatston score of ≥100 were 2.05, 2.43, and 3.86 among those aged 45-54, 55-64, and 65-74 years, respectively. Caucasian men in the United States had a higher burden of coronary atherosclerosis than Japanese men, but the ethnic difference was smaller in younger age groups.

KEYWORDS:

atherosclerosis; coronary artery calcium; ethnic group; men

PMID:
25125689
PMCID:
PMC4157702
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kwu169
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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