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Arthroscopy. 2014 Nov;30(11):1461-7. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.05.041. Epub 2014 Aug 8.

Transtibial versus anteromedial portal anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using soft-tissue graft and expandable fixation.

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San Diego Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine, San Diego, California, U.S.A.. Electronic address:
San Diego Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine, San Diego, California, U.S.A.; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, U.S.A.
Tri-County Orthopedics, Cedar Knolls, New Jersey, U.S.A.
NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, New York, U.S.A.



To compare clinical outcomes between transtibial drilling and anteromedial portal techniques for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using soft-tissue grafts secured with expandable fixation.


Patients undergoing soft-tissue ACL reconstruction using expandable fixation between 2007 and 2011 were reviewed for inclusion in this study. Revision ACL cases were excluded. All surgeries were performed by 1 of 2 sports medicine fellowship-trained surgeons (T.S.D., K.D.M.). A total of 128 patients (67 comprising transtibial cohort and 61 comprising anteromedial portal cohort) had a minimum of 24 months' follow-up (mean, 27 months) and met the inclusion criteria. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on the method used for creation of the femoral tunnel. At final follow-up, outcomes were assessed with KT-1000 (MEDmetric, San Diego, CA) measurements, as well as International Knee Documentation Committee, Lysholm, and Tegner scores. Data were screened for normality and skew before use of parametric statistics and were transformed if necessary. Data were analyzed by 1-way analysis of variance with post hoc paired comparisons using the Bonferroni approximation.


No differences in demographic characteristics were observed between the 2 groups. There was no significant difference in postoperative KT-1000 measurements between the 2 cohorts (1.571 ± 0.2275 mm in transtibial cohort [n = 35] and 1.246 ± 0.09249 mm in anteromedial cohort [n = 61], P = .1259). A significant improvement in International Knee Documentation Committee scores was observed in the anteromedial cohort, increasing from 41 ± 16 to 89 ± 7.4 (mean ± SD) (P < .0001). Similar changes were observed for the Lysholm score. There was no significant difference between cohorts for any postoperative scores measured (P > .2).


Our data show comparable KT-1000 measurements for both anteromedial and transtibial femoral drilling techniques when using a soft-tissue graft with expandable fixation.


Level IV, therapeutic case series.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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