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Mol Reprod Dev. 2014 Aug;81(8):712-24. doi: 10.1002/mrd.22339. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

SUMO-1 plays crucial roles for spindle organization, chromosome congression, and chromosome segregation during mouse oocyte meiotic maturation.

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Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Education Ministry of China, College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.


Small ubiquitin-related modifier-1 (SUMO-1)-dependent modifications of many target proteins are involved in a range of intracellular processes. Previous studies reported the localization of SUMO-1 during oocyte meiosis, and that overexpression of Sentrin/SUMO-specific protease 2 (SENP2), a de-SUMOylation protease, altered SUMO-modified proteins, and caused defects in metaphase-II spindle organization. In this study, we detailed the consequences of SUMO-1-mediated SUMOylation by either inhibition of SUMO-1 or UBC9 with a specific antibody or their depletion by specific siRNA microinjection. Inhibition or depletion of SUMO-1 or UBC9 in germinal vesicle (GV)-stage oocytes decreased the rates of germinal vesicle breakdown and first polar body (PB1) extrusion; caused defective spindle organization and misaligned chromosomes; and led to aneuploidy in matured oocytes. Stage-specific antibody injections suggested that SUMO-1 functions before anaphase I during PB1 extrusion. Further experiments indicated that the localization of γ-tubulin was disordered after SUMO-1 inhibition, and that SUMO-1 depletion disrupted kinetochore-microtubule attachment at metaphase I. Moreover, SUMO-1 inhibition resulted in less-condensed chromosomes, altered localization of REC8 and securin, and reduced BUBR1 accumulation at the centromere. On the other hand, overexpression of SUMO-1 in GV-stage oocytes had no significant effect on oocyte maturation. In conclusion, our results implied that SUMO-1 plays crucial roles during oocyte meiotic maturation, specifically involving spindle assembly and chromosome behavior, by regulating kinetochore-microtubule attachment and the localization of γ-tubulin, BUBR1, REC8, and securin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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