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Stroke. 2014 Oct;45(10):3002-7. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.006038. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

Circuit class therapy and 7-day-week therapy increase physiotherapy time, but not patient activity: early results from the CIRCIT trial.

Author information

1
From the International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia (C.E., S.H.); and Stroke Division, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Melbourne, Australia (C.E., J.B.). Coralie.english@unisa.edu.au.
2
From the International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia (C.E., S.H.); and Stroke Division, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Melbourne, Australia (C.E., J.B.).

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The optimum model of physiotherapy service delivery for maximizing active task practice during rehabilitation after stroke is unknown. The purpose of the study was to examine the relative effectiveness of 2 alternative models of physiotherapy service delivery against a usual care control with regard to increasing patient activity.

METHODS:

Substudy within a large 3-armed randomized controlled trial, which compared 3 different models of physiotherapy service delivery, was provided for 4 weeks during subacute, inpatient rehabilitation (n=283). The duration of all physiotherapy sessions was recorded. In addition, 32 participants were observed at 10-minute intervals for 1 weekday and 1 weekend day between 8:00 am and 4:30 pm. At each observation, we recorded physical activity, location, and people present.

RESULTS:

Participants receiving 7-day-week and circuit class therapy received an additional 3 hours and 22 hours of physiotherapy time, respectively, when compared with usual care. Participants were standing or walking for a median of 8.2% of observations. On weekdays, circuit class therapy participants spent more time in therapy-related activity (10.2% of observations) when compared with usual care participants (6.1% of observations). On weekends, 7-day therapy participants spent more time in therapy-related activity (4.2% of observations) when compared with both usual care and circuit class therapy participants (0% of observations for both groups). Activity levels outside of therapy sessions did not differ between groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

A greater dosage of physiotherapy time did not translate into meaningful increases in physical activity across the day.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL:

http://www.anzctr.org.au/. Unique identifier: ACTRN12610000096055.

KEYWORDS:

physiotherapy (techniques); rehabilitation

PMID:
25123219
DOI:
10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.006038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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