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Neuroscientist. 2015 Apr;21(2):109-25. doi: 10.1177/1073858414545228. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

Sensorimotor adaptation: multiple forms of plasticity in motor circuits.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina vdellamaggiore@fmed.uba.ar.
2
Laboratory of Neural Systems, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA.
3
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

One of the most striking properties of the adult central nervous system is its ability to undergo changes in function and/or structure. In mammals, learning is a major inducer of adaptive plasticity. Sensorimotor adaptation is a type of procedural--motor--learning that allows maintaining accurate movements in the presence of environmental or internal perturbations by adjusting motor output. In this work, we will review experimental evidence gathered from rodents and human and nonhuman primates pointing to possible sites of adaptation-related plasticity at different levels of organization of the nervous system.

KEYWORDS:

adaptation; magnetic resonance imaging; motor learning; plasticity; transcranial magnetic stimulation

PMID:
25122611
DOI:
10.1177/1073858414545228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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