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Nat Prod Rep. 2014 Oct;31(10):1425-48. doi: 10.1039/c4np00060a.

Fungal natural products in research and development.

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Institut für Biotechnologie und Wirkstoff-Forschung (Institute of Biotechnology and Drug Research), Erwin-Schroedinger-Str. 56, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany.


To date approximately 100 000 fungal species are known although far more than one million are expected. The variety of species and the diversity of their habitats, some of them less exploited, allow the conclusion that fungi continue to be a rich source of new metabolites. Besides the conventional fungal isolates, an increasing interest in endophytic and in marine-derived fungi has been noticed. In addition new screening strategies based on innovative chemical, biological, and genetic approaches have led to novel fungal metabolites in recent years. The present review focuses on new fungal natural products published from 2009 to 2013 highlighting the originality of the structures and their biological potential. Furthermore synthetic products based on fungal metabolites as well as new developments in the uses or the biological activity of known compounds or new derivatives are discussed.

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