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Perfusion. 2015 May;30(4):332-6. doi: 10.1177/0267659114547380. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

The role of transapical cannulation in the operative management of acute aortic dissection.

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Department of Cardiac Surgery, Dedinje Cardiovascular Institute, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Dedinje Cardiovascular Institute, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia



The aim of the study was to investigate the usefulness of transapical cannulation as the routine cannulation site in patients with acute aortic dissection and to compare it with other cannulation methods.


Between January 2010 and December 2013, emergency surgery was performed in 111 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection. Patients were divided into two groups: transapical cannulation group and other cannulation sites group (including femoral and axillary artery cannulation). Pre-, intra- and postoperative data were compared between these two groups of patients.


Transapical cannulation was the most frequent cannulation site (78 patients, 70.3%), the femoral artery was selected in 24 patients (21.6%) and the axillary artery in 9 patients (8.1%). The mortality rate in the transapical group was 16.7% and 18.2% when other cannulation sites were chosen (p=0.85). No difference in postoperative stroke rate (6.4% vs 9.1%, p=0.62, transapical vs other cannulation sites group, respectively), myocardial infarction (6.4% vs 6.1%, p=0.94) and postoperative acute renal insufficiency incidence (9% vs 6.1%, p=0.61) was found.


Routine transapical cannulation in patients with acute type A aortic dissection is a fast and safe way to establish cardiopulmonary bypass. There is no difference in major operative outcomes after transapical cannulation when compared to the other cannulation sites.


aortic dissection; aortic surgery; cannulation technique; cardiopulmonary bypass; transapical cannulation

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