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PLoS One. 2014 Aug 14;9(8):e104344. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104344. eCollection 2014.

Black and white women in Maryland receive different treatment for cervical cancer.

Author information

1
University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.
2
University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Despite an overall decrease in incidence, the death rate from cervical cancer in the United States remains higher in black women than their white counterparts. We examined the Maryland Cancer Registry (MCR) to determine treatment factors that may explain differences in outcomes between races in the state of Maryland.

METHODS:

Incident cervical cancers in the MCR 1992-2008 were examined. Demographics, tumor characteristics and treatments were compared between races and over time.

RESULTS:

Our analysis included 2034 (1301 white, 733 black) patients. Black women were more likely to have locally advanced or metastatic disease at diagnosis (p<0.01). They were more likely to receive any radiation or chemotherapy combined with radiation and less likely to receive surgery (p<0.01). When adjusted for stage and insurance status black women had 1.50 (95% CI 1.20-1.87) times the odds of receiving radiation and 1.43 (95% CI 1.11-1.82) times the odds of receiving chemotherapy. Black women with cervical cancer had 0.51 times the adjusted odds (95% CI 0.41-0.65) of receiving surgery compared to white women. Racial differences in treatment did not change significantly over time.

CONCLUSIONS:

Surgical treatment for newly diagnosed cervical cancer in the state of Maryland was significantly less common amongst black women than white during our study period. Equivalent treatments are not being administered to white and black patients with cervical cancer in Maryland. Differences in care may contribute to racial disparities in outcomes for women with cervical cancer.

PMID:
25121587
PMCID:
PMC4133178
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0104344
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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