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Rev Paul Pediatr. 2014 Jun;32(2):256-61.

Prevalence of headache and its interference in the activities of daily living in female adolescent students.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

Author information

1
UPE, Petrolina, PE, Brasil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the prevalence of headache and its interference in the activities of daily living (ADL) in female adolescent students.

METHODS:

This descriptive cross-sectional study enrolled 228 female adolescents from a public school in the city of Petrolina, Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil, aged ten to 19 years. A self-administered structured questionnaire about socio-demographic characteristics, occurrence of headache and its characteristics was employed. Headaches were classified according to the International Headache Society criteria. The chi-square test was used to verify possible associations, being significant p<0.05.

RESULTS:

After the exclusion of 24 questionnaires that did not met the inclusion criteria, 204 questionnaires were analyzed. The mean age of the adolescents was 14.0±1.4 years. The prevalence of headache was 87.7%. Of the adolescents with headache, 0.5% presented migraine without pure menstrual aura; 6.7%, migraine without aura related to menstruation; 1.6%, non-menstrual migraine without aura; 11.7%, tension-type headache and 79.3%, other headaches. Significant associations were found between pain intensity and the following variables: absenteeism (p=0.001); interference in ADL (p<0.001); medication use (p<0.001); age (p=0.045) and seek for medical care (p<0.022).

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of headache in female adolescents observed in this study was high, with a negative impact in ADL and school attendance.

PMID:
25119759
PMCID:
PMC4183010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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