Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Impot Res. 2015 May-Jun;27(3):81-5. doi: 10.1038/ijir.2014.33. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

Attachment styles and sexual dysfunctions: a case-control study of female and male sexuality.

Author information

1
School of Sexology, Course of Medical Sexology, Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Teramo Hospital, Teramo, Italy.
3
Department of Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
4
1] School of Sexology, Course of Medical Sexology, Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy [2] Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate attachment styles in a group of women and men with sexual dysfunction. We recruited 44 subjects (21 women and 23 men) with sexual dysfunction and 41 subjects (21 women and 20 men) with healthy sexual function as the control group. Validated instruments for the evaluation of male and female sexual dysfunctions (M/F SD) and a psychometric tool specifically designed to investigate attachment style were administered. In women, significant differences were found between subjects with sexual dysfunction and healthy controls. The scales indicating an insecure attachment showed: discomfort with closeness (FSD = 42.85 ± 11.55 vs CTRL = 37.38 ± 8.54; P < 0.01), relationship as secondary (FSD = 26.76 ± 2.60 vs CTRL = 18.42 ± 7.99; P < 0.01), and need for approval (FSD=26.38 ± 3.61 vs CTRL = 20.76 ± 7.36; P < 0.01). Healthy women also had significantly higher scores in secure attachment (confidence: FSD = 24.57 ± 3.89 vs CTRL = 33.42 ± 5.74; P < 0.01). Men with sexual dysfunctions differed from healthy men in confidence (MSD = 30 ± 6.33 vs CTRL = 36.05 ± 5.26; P < 0.01) and in discomfort with closeness (MSD = 39.08 ± 8 vs CTRL = 34.25 ± 7.54; P < 0.05). These results suggest that particular aspects related to insecure attachment have a determinant role in people with sexual dysfunctions. It is therefore fundamental to identify the attachment styles and relational patterns in patients receiving counselling and psychological treatments focussed on sexual problems.

PMID:
25119586
DOI:
10.1038/ijir.2014.33
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center