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Nature. 2014 Oct 9;514(7521):233-6. doi: 10.1038/nature13562.

Protein competition switches the function of COP9 from self-renewal to differentiation.

Author information

1
1] Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 1000 East 50th Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, USA [2] Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biophysics, 15 Da Tun Road, Beijing 100101, China [3].
2
1] Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 1000 East 50th Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Kansas School of Medicine, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA [3].
3
1] Center for Life Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China [2].
4
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 1000 East 50th Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, USA.
5
1] Department of Molecular Biology and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9148, USA [2] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815-6789, USA.
6
Center for Life Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
7
1] Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 1000 East 50th Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, USA [2] Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biophysics, 15 Da Tun Road, Beijing 100101, China.
8
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biophysics, 15 Da Tun Road, Beijing 100101, China.
9
Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel.
10
1] Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 1000 East 50th Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Kansas School of Medicine, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA.

Abstract

The balance between stem cell self-renewal and differentiation is controlled by intrinsic factors and niche signals. In the Drosophila melanogaster ovary, some intrinsic factors promote germline stem cell (GSC) self-renewal, whereas others stimulate differentiation. However, it remains poorly understood how the balance between self-renewal and differentiation is controlled. Here we use D. melanogaster ovarian GSCs to demonstrate that the differentiation factor Bam controls the functional switch of the COP9 complex from self-renewal to differentiation via protein competition. The COP9 complex is composed of eight Csn subunits, Csn1-8, and removes Nedd8 modifications from target proteins. Genetic results indicated that the COP9 complex is required intrinsically for GSC self-renewal, whereas other Csn proteins, with the exception of Csn4, were also required for GSC progeny differentiation. Bam-mediated Csn4 sequestration from the COP9 complex via protein competition inactivated the self-renewing function of COP9 and allowed other Csn proteins to promote GSC differentiation. Therefore, this study reveals a protein-competition-based mechanism for controlling the balance between stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. Because numerous self-renewal factors are ubiquitously expressed throughout the stem cell lineage in various systems, protein competition may function as an important mechanism for controlling the self-renewal-to-differentiation switch.

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PMID:
25119050
DOI:
10.1038/nature13562
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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