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PLoS One. 2014 Aug 13;9(8):e102446. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102446. eCollection 2014.

The prevalence of workaholism: a survey study in a nationally representative sample of Norwegian employees.

Author information

1
Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; The Competence Center, Bergen Clinics Foundation, Bergen, Norway.
2
Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
3
Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
4
Department FISPPA - Section of Applied Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Abstract

Workaholism has become an increasingly popular area for empirical study. However, most studies examining the prevalence of workaholism have used non-representative samples and measures with poorly defined cut-off scores. To overcome these methodological limitations, a nationally representative survey among employees in Norway (N = 1,124) was conducted. Questions relating to gender, age, marital status, caretaker responsibility for children, percentage of full-time equivalent, and educational level were asked. Workaholism was assessed by the use of a psychometrically validated instrument (i.e., Bergen Work Addiction Scale). Personality was assessed using the Mini-International Personality Item Pool. Results showed that the prevalence of workaholism was 8.3% (95% CI  = 6.7-9.9%). An adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that workaholism was negatively related to age and positively related to the personality dimensions agreeableness, neuroticism, and intellect/imagination. Implications for these findings are discussed.

PMID:
25118877
PMCID:
PMC4131865
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0102446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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