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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015 Mar;85(4):544-53. doi: 10.1002/ccd.25629. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

Serial intravascular ultrasound analysis of complex bifurcation coronary lesions treated with the Tryton Bifurcation Stent in conjunction with an everolimus-eluting stent: IUVANT (Intravascular Ultrasound Evaluation of Tryton Stent) study.

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Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Centro Cardiologico Monzino, Cardiovascular Section, University of Milan, Italy.



To characterize the treatment of complex bifurcation lesions (BL) with the Tryton Bifurcation Stent (TBS) paired with an everolimus-eluting stent (EES).


Complex BL are associated with higher procedural complications and poorer long-term outcomes. The TBS is a dedicated side-branch (SB) stent designed to be used in conjunction with a standard drug-eluting stent.


Prospectively identified, consecutive patients underwent TBS+EES stenting of BL using a protocol which included TBS postdilation and simultaneous final kissing balloon inflations (FKBI). All lesions were systematically evaluated with coronary angiography and IVUS, obtained at procedure completion and at 9 months, and were assessed by independent core laboratories.


Thirty-three BL were treated in 32 patients presenting primarily (87.5%) with stable angina and complex BL with angiographic apparent disease in the main vessel (MV) and SB in 87.9% and 75% by site and core evaluation, respectively. Procedural success was 100% and high postprocedure percent stent expansion (MV 96 [93, 109]%, SB 88 [77, 100]%, carina MV 135 [99, 166]%, carina SB 116 [91, 130]%) was demonstrated by IVUS. At 9-month angiographic follow-up (n = 28 patients), one MV in-segment restenosis and one SB in-stent restenosis were observed. SB in-stent late lumen loss was 0.41 ± 0.27 mm. IVUS assessment revealed the absence of stent recoil; percent carinal neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) was 1.8 [0.0,11.2]% in MV and 15.0 [6.7,23.5]% in SB, with NIH volume obstruction of 2.0 [0.7,4.3]% in MV and 14.2 [7.5,29.6]% in SB.


Stenting of complex BL with the TBS+EES provides high acute success with sustained clinical, angiographic, and IVUS results at 9 months. These excellent results are likely due to the extent of stent expansion at the carina.


bifurcation lesions; coronary stenting; dedicated bifurcation stents; intravascular ultrasound; percutaneous coronary intervention

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