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J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2014 Jul;7(3):149-54. doi: 10.4103/0974-2700.136847.

Acute Flaccid paralysis in adults: Our experience.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Punjab and Haryana, India.
2
Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Punjab and Haryana, India.

Abstract

Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a complex clinical syndrome with a broad array of potential etiologies that vary with age. We present our experience of acute onset lower motor neuron paralysis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

One hundred and thirty-three consecutive adult patients presenting with weakness of duration less than four weeks over 12 months period were enrolled. Detailed history, clinical examination, and relevant investigations according to a pre-defined diagnostic algorithm were carried out. The patients were followed through their hospital stay till discharge or death.

RESULTS:

The mean age was 33.27 (range 13-89) years with male preponderance (67.7%). The most common etiology was neuroparalytic snake envenomation (51.9%), followed by Guillain Barre syndrome (33.1%), constituting 85% of all patients. Hypokalemic paralysis (7.5%) and acute intermittent porphyria (4.5%) were the other important conditions. We did not encounter any case of acute polio mylitis in adults. In-hospital mortality due to respiratory paralysis was 9%.

CONCLUSION:

Neuroparalytic snakebite and Guillain Barre syndrome were the most common causes of acute flaccid paralysis in adults in our study.

KEYWORDS:

Guillain Barre syndrome; lower motor neuron; neuroparalytic snakebite; paralysis; weakness

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