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J Health Psychol. 2016 Jun;21(6):1026-36. doi: 10.1177/1359105314544135. Epub 2014 Aug 11.

Positive psychological states and health behaviors in acute coronary syndrome patients: A qualitative study.

Author information

1
Massachusetts General Hospital, USA Harvard Medical School, USA jhuffman@partners.org.
2
Massachusetts General Hospital, USA.
3
Massachusetts General Hospital, USA Harvard Medical School, USA.
4
Massachusetts General Hospital, USA Harvard Medical School, USA Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine, USA.

Abstract

Positive psychological states are linked to superior cardiac outcomes, possibly mediated through increased participation in health behaviors. Trained study staff conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews in the hospital and 3 months later for 34 patients diagnosed with an acute coronary syndrome. These interviews focused on positive psychological states, cardiac health behaviors, and their connection; the interviews were transcribed and independently coded using directed content analysis. Both optimism and positive affect were associated with completion of physical activity and healthy eating in a bidirectional manner. In contrast, gratitude, while common, was infrequently linked to completion of health behaviors.

KEYWORDS:

adherence; coronary heart disease; health behavior; optimism; qualitative methods

PMID:
25114026
PMCID:
PMC4490125
DOI:
10.1177/1359105314544135
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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