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Asia Pac J Public Health. 2015 Mar;27(2):NP1942-51. doi: 10.1177/1010539513475656. Epub 2014 Aug 10.

Prevalence, correlates, and comorbidities of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders in children in Seoul, Korea.

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Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea


The present study reports past-year prevalence of and comorbidities associated with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) disorders in 1645 children aged 6 to 12 years in Seoul, Korea. The diagnosis was based on the parental version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC-IV). Our participants completed the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The estimated prevalence of any full-syndrome and subthreshold DSM-IV disorders were 16.2% and 28.1%, respectively. The most prevalent disorders were specific phobia (9.6%), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; 5.9%), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD; 4.9%). The estimated prevalence of depressive disorder was 0.1% according to the DISC-IV and1.9% according to the CDI. ADHD, ODD, and anxiety disorders were highly comorbid. Our study highlights the importance of obtaining children's self-report data in addition to the parents' interview, particularly for depression, and the importance of early detection of subthreshold conditions and considering comorbid diagnoses.


Korea; child health; comorbidity; epidemiology; mental disorders

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