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Neurol Clin Pract. 2014 Jun;4(3):199-205.

Tuberculous meningitis: Diagnostic and therapeutic challenges.

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School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley.


Neurologists are often the first medical providers to evaluate patients with possible infectious meningitis. Knowledge of the clinical presentations and cerebrospinal fluid, microbiologic, and neuroimaging findings for different etiologies is essential to make a prompt diagnosis and initiate appropriate treatment. Tuberculosis is a common cause of meningitis in developing countries with a high prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, tuberculosis affects populations in every country and all neurologists need to be vigilant for possible cases of tuberculous meningitis presenting to their medical facilities. This article discusses the challenges of diagnosing and treating tuberculous meningitis and highlights recent advances in diagnostic technology.

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