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J Phys Act Health. 2015 Jun;12(6):875-8. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2013-0303. Epub 2014 Aug 7.

Contextual Influences on Weight Status Among Impoverished Adolescents: Neighborhood Amenities for Physical Activity and State Laws for Physical Education Time Requirements.

Author information

1
National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Science, Health Communication and Informatics Research Branch, Rockville, MD.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study examines the relationship between state laws for physical education and neighborhood amenities for physical activity on weight status in adolescents of low socioeconomic status.

METHODS:

Data from 2 national data sources: Classification of Laws Associated with School Students (CLASS) and the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) were combined and analyzed.

RESULTS:

Multinomial regression models found that adolescents in states with strong PE law were associated with a lower odds of being obese [OR = 0.63 (0.41, 0.97)]; however, when PE law and neighborhood amenities were included, only neighborhood amenities were associated with lower odds of obesity, but also greater odds of overweight status.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study emphasizes the potential significance of state laws on low SES groups to combat obesity; as well as the potential differential effects of local level factors, and alignment with policy goals for healthy weight.

PMID:
25109235
DOI:
10.1123/jpah.2013-0303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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