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Mayo Clin Proc. 2014 Nov;89(11):1537-44. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.04.028. Epub 2014 Aug 5.

The effectiveness of wellness coaching for improving quality of life.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: clark.matthew@mayo.edu.
2
Dan Abraham Healthy Living Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
3
Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
4
Division of Preventive, Occupational, and Aerospace Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
5
Survey Research Center, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
6
Dan Abraham Healthy Living Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
7
Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To learn more about the potential psychosocial benefits of wellness coaching. Although wellness coaching is increasing in popularity, there are few published outcome studies.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In a single-cohort study design, 100 employees who completed the 12-week wellness coaching program were of a mean age of 42 years, 90% were women, and most were overweight or obese. Three areas of psychosocial functioning were assessed: quality of life (QOL; 5 domains and overall), depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), and perceived stress level (Perceived Stress Scale-10). Participants were recruited from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2011; data were collected up to July 31, 2012, and were analyzed from August 1, 2012, through October 31, 2013.

RESULTS:

These 100 wellness coaching completers exhibited significant improvements in all 5 domains of QOL and overall QOL (P<.0001), reduced their level of depressive symptoms (P<.0001), and reduced their perceived stress level (P<.001) after 12 weeks of in-person wellness coaching, and they maintained these improvements at the 24-week follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

In this single-arm cohort study (level 2b evidence), participating in wellness coaching was associated with improvement in 3 key areas of psychosocial functioning: QOL, mood, and perceived stress level. The results from this single prospective cohort study suggest that these areas of functioning improve after participating in wellness coaching; however, randomized clinical trials involving large samples of diverse individuals are needed to establish level 1 evidence for wellness coaching.

PMID:
25107468
DOI:
10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.04.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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