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Sci Eng Ethics. 2015 Aug;21(4):999-1018. doi: 10.1007/s11948-014-9578-0. Epub 2014 Aug 9.

Reexamining the Ethics of Nuclear Technology.

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1
Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Studgorodok 1, Obninsk, Kaluga Region, 249030, Russian Federation, AndreyAndrianov@yandex.ru.

Abstract

This article analyzes the present status, development trends, and problems in the ethics of nuclear technology in light of a possible revision of its conceptual foundations. First, to better recognize the current state of nuclear technology ethics and related problems, this article focuses on presenting a picture of the evolution of the concepts and recent achievements related to technoethics, based on the ethics of responsibility. The term 'ethics of nuclear technology' describes a multidisciplinary endeavor to examine the problems associated with nuclear technology through ethical frameworks and paradigms. Second, to identify the reasons for the intensification of efforts to develop ethics in relation to nuclear technology, this article presents an analysis of the recent situation and future prospects of nuclear technology deployment. This includes contradictions that have aggravated nuclear dilemmas and debates stimulated by the shortcomings of nuclear technology, as well as the need for the further development of a nuclear culture paradigm that is able to provide a conceptual framework to overcome nuclear challenges. Third, efforts in the field of nuclear technology ethics are presented as a short overview of particular examples, and the major findings regarding obstacles to the development of nuclear technology ethics are also summarized. Finally, a potential methodological course is proposed to overcome inaction in this field; the proposed course provides for the further development of nuclear technology ethics, assuming the axiological multidisciplinary problematization of the main concepts in nuclear engineering through the basic ethical paradigms: analytical, hermeneutical, and poststructuralist.

PMID:
25106690
DOI:
10.1007/s11948-014-9578-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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