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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2014;78(11):1833-8. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2014.940833. Epub 2014 Aug 8.

Effects of adenylates on the circadian interaction of KaiB with the KaiC complex in the reconstituted cyanobacterial Kai protein oscillator.

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a Medical Technology Research and Development Division, Advanced Analysis Technology Research and Development Department , Olympus Corporation , Hachioji , Japan.


Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotes that possess circadian oscillators. Clock proteins, KaiA, KaiB, KaiC compose the central circadian oscillator, which can be reconstituted in vitro in the presence of ATP. KaiC has ATPase, autokinase, and autophosphatase enzymatic activities. These activities are modulated by protein-protein interactions among the Kai proteins. The interaction of KaiB with the KaiC complex shows a circadian rhythm in the reconstituted system. We previously developed a quantitative, real-time monitoring system for the dynamic behavior of the complex using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. Here, we examined the effects of ATP and ADP on the rhythmic interaction of KaiB. We show that increased concentration of ATP or ADP shortened period length. Adding ADP to the Kai protein oscillation shifted its phase in a phase-dependent manner. These results provide insight into how circadian oscillation entrainment mechanism is linked to cellular metabolism.


Kai protein oscillation; adenylates; circadian rhythm; cyanobacteria; fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

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