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Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:352862. doi: 10.1155/2014/352862. Epub 2014 Jul 3.

Clonality and Resistome analysis of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strain isolated in Korea using whole genome sequencing.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine, Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Republic of Korea.
Chunlab, Inc., Seoul National University, Republic of Korea.
Chunlab, Inc., Seoul National University, Republic of Korea ; School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea.
Department of Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Division of Antimicrobial Resistance, Korea National Institute of Health, Osong, Republic of Korea.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Center for Research in Anti-Infectives and Biotechnology, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, USA.


We analyzed the whole genome sequence and resistome of the outbreak Klebsiella pneumoniae strain MP14 and compared it with those of K. pneumoniae carbapenemase- (KPC-) producing isolates that showed high similarity in the NCBI genome database. A KPC-2-producing multidrug-resistant (MDR) K. pneumoniae clinical isolate was obtained from a patient admitted to a Korean hospital in 2011. The strain MP14 was resistant to all tested β-lactams including monobactam, amikacin, levofloxacin, and cotrimoxazole, but susceptible to tigecycline and colistin. Resistome analysis showed the presence of β-lactamase genes including bla KPC-2, bla SHV-11, bla TEM-169, and bla OXA-9. MP14 also possessed aac(6'-)Ib, aadA2, and aph(3'-)Ia as aminoglycoside resistance-encoding genes, mph(A) for macrolides, oqxA and oqxB for quinolone, catA1 for phenicol, sul1 for sulfonamide, and dfrA12 for trimethoprim. Both SNP tree and cgMLST analysis showed the close relatedness with the KPC producers (KPNIH strains) isolated from an outbreak in the USA and colistin-resistant strains isolated in Italy. The plasmid-scaffold genes in plasmids pKpQil, pKpQil-IT, pKPN3, or pKPN-IT were identified in MP14, KPNIH, and Italian strains. The KPC-2-producing MDR K. pneumoniae ST258 stain isolated in Korea was highly clonally related with MDR K. pneumoniae strains from the USA and Italy. Global spread of KPC-producing K. pneumoniae is a worrying phenomenon.

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