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Metabolism. 2014 Oct;63(10):1228-37. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2014.06.018. Epub 2014 Jul 2.

The role of the kidneys in glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetes: clinical implications and therapeutic significance through sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors.

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Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address:


The kidneys play an important role in regulating glucose homeostasis through utilization of glucose, gluconeogenesis, and glucose reabsorption via sodium glucose co-transporters (SGLTs) and glucose transporters. The renal threshold for glucose excretion (RTG) is increased in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), possibly due to upregulation of SGLT2 and SGLT1 expression. The resulting increase in renal glucose reabsorption is thought to contribute to the maintenance of hyperglycemia in patients with T2DM. Selective SGLT2 inhibitors reduce the RTG, thereby increasing glucosuria, and have demonstrated favorable efficacy and safety in patients with T2DM inadequately controlled with diet and exercise and other glucose-lowering treatments.


Kidneys; Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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