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Biomacromolecules. 2014 Sep 8;15(9):3246-52. doi: 10.1021/bm5006257. Epub 2014 Aug 18.

Multifunctional interpenetrating polymer network hydrogels based on methacrylated alginate for the delivery of small molecule drugs and sustained release of protein.

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1
Center for Biomedical Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University , Xi'an 710049, China.

Abstract

Multifunctional injectable thermo-/pH-responsive hydrogels as release systems for the oral delivery of small molecule drugs and the local delivery of protein are presented. The injectable interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) hydrogels based on poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate, N-isopropylacrylamide, and methacrylated alginate were prepared by using ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED) as a redox initiator system at body temperature, and the obtained hydrogels overcame the instability of calcium cross-linked alginate hydrogels under physiological conditions. The hydrogels showed good mechanical strength by rheometer and exhibited temperature and pH sensitivity by a swelling test. Diclofenac sodium (DCS) as a model for small molecule water-soluble anti-inflammatory drugs and bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a model for protein drugs were encapsulated in situ in the hydrogel. The DCS and BSA release results indicated that these hydrogels, as carriers, have great potential for use in the oral delivery of small molecule drugs and for long-term localized protein release. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity of these hydrogels was studied via live/dead viability and alamarBlue assays using adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

PMID:
25102223
DOI:
10.1021/bm5006257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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