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Front Microbiol. 2014 Jul 18;5:356. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00356. eCollection 2014.

Analysis of T4SS-induced signaling by H. pylori using quantitative phosphoproteomics.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology Berlin, Germany.
The Biotechnology Centre of Oslo, University of Oslo Oslo, Norway ; Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo Oslo, Norway.


Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterial pathogen colonizing the human stomach. Infection with H. pylori causes chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa and may lead to peptic ulceration and/or gastric cancer. A major virulence determinant of H. pylori is the type IV secretion system (T4SS), which is used to inject the virulence factor CagA into the host cell, triggering a wide range of cellular signaling events. Here, we used a phosphoproteomic approach to investigate tyrosine signaling in response to host-pathogen interaction, using stable isotope labeling in cell culture (SILAC) of AGS cells to obtain a differential picture between multiple infection conditions. Cells were infected with wild type H. pylori P12, a P12Δ CagA deletion mutant, and a P12Δ PAI deletion mutant to compare signaling changes over time and in the absence of CagA or the T4SS. Tryptic peptides were enriched for tyrosine (Tyr) phosphopeptides and analyzed by nano-LC-Orbitrap MS. In total, 85 different phosphosites were found to be regulated following infection. The majority of phosphosites identified were kinases of the MAPK family. CagA and the T4SS were found to be key regulators of Tyr phosphosites. Our findings indicate that CagA primarily induces activation of ERK1 and integrin-linked factors, whereas the T4SS primarily modulates JNK and p38 activation.


CagA; H. pylori; SILAC; T4SS; phosphoproteomics; tyrosine signaling

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