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FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2015 Jan;39(1):17-46. doi: 10.1111/1574-6976.12081. Epub 2014 Dec 4.

Pseudomonas chemotaxis.

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Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA.
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.
Department of Environmental Protection, CSIC, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, Granada, Spain.
Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA


Pseudomonads sense changes in the concentration of chemicals in their environment and exhibit a behavioral response mediated by flagella or pili coupled with a chemosensory system. The two known chemotaxis pathways, a flagella-mediated pathway and a putative pili-mediated system, are described in this review. Pseudomonas shows chemotaxis response toward a wide range of chemicals, and this review includes a summary of them organized by chemical structure. The assays used to measure positive and negative chemotaxis swimming and twitching Pseudomonas as well as improvements to those assays and new assays are also described. This review demonstrates that there is ample research and intellectual space for future investigators to elucidate the role of chemotaxis in important processes such as pathogenesis, bioremediation, and the bioprotection of plants and animals.


MCP; attractant.; chemoreceptor; signaling; swimming; twitching

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