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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2014 Oct;34(10):1706-14. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2014.139. Epub 2014 Aug 6.

TRPM4 channels couple purinergic receptor mechanoactivation and myogenic tone development in cerebral parenchymal arterioles.

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Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA.


Cerebral parenchymal arterioles (PAs) have a critical role in assuring appropriate blood flow and perfusion pressure within the brain. They are unique in contrast to upstream pial arteries, as defined by their critical roles in neurovascular coupling, distinct sensitivities to chemical stimulants, and enhanced myogenic tone development. The objective of the present study was to reveal some of the unique mechanisms of myogenic tone regulation in the cerebral microcirculation. Here, we report that in vivo suppression of TRPM4 (transient receptor potential) channel expression, or inhibition of TRPM4 channels with 9-phenanthrol substantially reduced myogenic tone of isolated PAs, supporting a key role of TRPM4 channels in PA myogenic tone development. Further, downregulation of TRPM4 channels inhibited vasoconstriction induced by the specific P2Y4 and P2Y6 receptor ligands (UTPγS and UDP) by 37% and 42%, respectively. In addition, 9-phenanthrol substantially attenuated purinergic ligand-induced membrane depolarization and constriction of PAs, and inhibited ligand-evoked TRPM4 channel activation in isolated PA myocytes. In concert with our previous work showing the essential contributions of P2Y4 and P2Y6 receptors to myogenic regulation of PAs, the current results point to TRPM4 channels as an important link between mechanosensitive P2Y receptor activation and myogenic constriction of cerebral PAs.

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