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J Res Med Sci. 2014 Apr;19(4):314-8.

The effects of Bentonite and Calendula on the improvement of infantile diaper dermatitis.

Author information

1
Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR, Iran.
2
Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, IR, Iran.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Emam Khomeini Hospital, Khomein, Markazi Province, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin disorders of infancy and childhood. The present study aimed to compare the effects of Bentonite and Calendula on the improvement of diaper dermatitis in infants.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A double-blind randomized controlled trial, which was conducted on 60 out-patient infants referred to health care centers or pediatric clinics in Khomein city and diagnosed with diaper dermatitis. Data were collected by checklist and observation, and analyzed using t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test.

RESULTS:

Mean (standard error) age of the total sample was 6.55 ± 0.69 months. Totally, 93.3% of lesions in the Bentonite group started its recovery in the first 6 h, while this rate was 40% in Calendula group (P < 0.001). Furthermore, 90% of infants in the Bentonite group and 36.7% in the Calendula group were improved completely in the first 3 days (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Bentonite was effective on the improvement of diaper dermatitis, and also had faster effects compared with Calendula.

KEYWORDS:

Bentonite; Calendula; diaper dermatitis

PMID:
25097603
PMCID:
PMC4115346

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